您当前所在的位置:官网首页 > 新闻资讯 > 行业新闻 >

双语:为机器人设置毁灭开关 或立法将其当人看

近年来人工智能迅速发展,机器人的功用越来越多,乃至在某些方面的体现现已超越人类。这不由让人忧虑关于人工智能的失望预言是否会成为实际。为了避免预言成真,欧洲议会议员主张提案,要求为机器人装备紧迫“消灭开关”,以避免他们制作严峻损伤。立法者还主张为机器人投保,乃至还要向他们收税。

Europe is preparing for a robot revolution.

欧洲正策划一场机器人革新。

European lawmakers have proposed that robots be equipped with emergency "kill switches" to prevent them from causing excessive damage. Legislators have also suggested that robots be insured and even be made to pay taxes.

欧洲立法者主张为机器人装备紧迫“消灭开关”,以避免他们制作严峻损伤。立法者还主张为机器人投保,乃至还要他们交纳税款。

The proposal on robot governance was approved by the European Parliament's legal affairs committee on Thursday. The issue will now be considered by the European Commission, which is the bloc's top regulator.

12日,欧洲议会法令事务委员会通过了关于机器人管理的提案。欧盟最高监管组织——欧盟委员会将开端批阅这一提案。

"A growing number of areas of our daily lives are increasingly affected by robotics," said Mady Delvaux, the parliamentarian who authored the proposal. "To ensure that robots are and will remain in the service of humans, we urgently need to create a robust European legal framework."

提案编撰者梅迪 德尔沃议员表明,“机器人在日常日子范畴的影响越来越广。为了保证他们持续为人类服务,咱们迫切需要树立一个健全的欧洲法令结构。”

Here is what lawmakers have proposed:

下面是立法者的提案:

Kill switch

The proposal also says that robots should always be identifiable as mechanical creations. That will help prevent humans from developing emotional attachments.

提案还指出,机器人应该一直被视为机械产品。这有助于避免人类对其发作情感眷恋。

The report cites the example of care robots, saying that people who are physically dependent on them could develop emotional attachments.

陈述以“机器人护理”为例,指出对机器人有生理依靠的人类会发作情感上的眷恋。

或许你以为这样的忧虑是剩余的,人类和机器人的爱情只会出现在文学创作里。可是,事实证明这不仅仅是梦想。据外媒近来报导,一名法国女人恋上3D打印机器人并想与之成婚。这位女人表明她从小就喜爱听机器人的声响,并且她只爱机器人,厌烦和人类发作身体触摸。

Who's responsible for misbehaving robots?

谁来为机器人的不妥行为买单?

The proposal calls for a compulsory insurance scheme - similar to car insurance - that would require producers and owners to take out insurance to cover the damage caused by their robots.

提案呼吁施行一项与汽车保险相似的强制保险方案,要求机器人生产商和一切者投保补偿自己的机器人制作的危害。

Give robots rights?

赋予机器人权力?

The proposal explores whether sophisticated autonomous robots should be given the status of "electronic persons."

提案还探讨了是否应该给予全自主精细机器人“电子人”的位置。

This designation would apply in situations where robots make autonomous decisions or interact with humans independently.

这一界说将适用于机器人进行自主决议计划或与人类独立互动的状况。

It would also saddle robots with certain rights and obligations - for example, robots would be responsible for any damage they cause.

机器人还将取得某些权力和责任——例如,机器人将为他们制作的一切损伤担任。

Should robots pay tax?

机器人应该交税吗?

If advanced robots start replacing human workers in large numbers, the report recommends the European Commission force their owners to pay taxes or contribute to social security.

该陈述主张,假如先进的机器人开端很多代替人工,那么欧盟委员需迫使其一切者交纳税款或社保。

EU member states should also consider implementing a universal income to blunt the impact of the job losses.

欧盟成员国也应考虑一致薪资以削减对失业者的影响。

消灭开关

The proposal calls for a new charter on robotics that would give engineers guidance on how to design ethical and safe machines.

提案呼吁公布一项新的机器人法案,以辅导工程师规划符合品德和安全规范的机器。

For example, designers should include "kill switches" so that robots can be turned off in emergencies. They must also make sure that robots can be reprogrammed if their software doesn't work as designed.

例如,规划者应该参加“消灭开关”以便在紧迫状况下封闭机器人。他们还必须保证在程序没有依照规划运行时能够给机器人从头编写程序。

Remember: It's just a robot

记住:这仅仅一个机器人